The perceived influence of the family upon spirituality among selected children in Qingdao, China
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This study investigated the relationships among the factors in the family of having a sense of belonging, parental model, biblical instruction, exercising personal choice, and spirituality for Chinese Christian children who served as the respondents for this study. Among other findings, this study found out that children's spirituality can be nurtured in the family. Respondents were selected by convenience sampling. Data was collected by having the survey questionnaire to investigate the respondent's perceptions. The correlation method of statistical analysis utilizing the Pearson product moment correlation was employed to measure the degree of relationship between the variables of having a sense of belonging, parental model, biblical instruction in the family, exercising personal choice and spirituality. Based on the statistical analysis, this study concluded : firstly, the respondents had positive perceptions toward their sense of belonging, biblical instruction, and freedom to make personal choices. Secondly, the respondents perceived lower positive perceptions toward their parental model in their families. Statistically the findings demonstrated that their parents do not share with them often, talk together often, listen to each other often, have family worship time often, and have family gaming time. Thirdly, there is a slight positive correlation between the variables of having a sense of belonging, parental model, exercising personal choice, and spirituality; and a moderate positive correlation between the variables of biblical instruction and spirituality for the respondents in this study. Based on the previous three major findings, all the null hypotheses posed in the study were rejected. Finally, the researcher encourages churches and parents to have heightened awareness of the processes that nurture the faith of children namely, having a sense of belonging, modelling, biblical instruction, and exercising personal choice. There is also a need for further studies on the following : Relationship between children's spirituality and the church in terms of sense of belonging, modelling, biblical instruction, and exercising personal choice to the faith community in China ; relationship between children's spirituality and their grandparent' life involvement in China ; a qualitative study on the perceived influence the church upon parenting in China ; a qualitative study on how the churches are nurturing the faith of children in China ; and a quantitative study on the differences of the self-perceptions of spirituality between boys and girls.